Granite, like all natural materials, requires care to preserve its beauty and finish.
A. Countertops must be sealed with a high-quality stone impregnator during installation. Application of sealer protects the stone from damage and discoloration. This, however, does not provide an absolute impenetrable shield against staining. Sealing only increases the window period of blotting time, allowing easy removal of stains should it occur.
B. Wipe up spills or stains immediately. Acidic substances, such as wine, fruit juices, and alcoholic beverages, can stain the surface of your countertop if neglected.
C. Never use bleach, degreasers, glass cleaners, or hydrochloric (muriatic) acid on your countertop. These chemicals can degrade the sealer applied, thereby making the granite susceptible to staining. Use only cleaners designed specifically for natural stones.
D. Use a cutting board at all times. Cutting directly on your countertop can scratch the surface of your stone.
E. Use a hot pad or trivet. Granite countertops can withstand heat very well, unlike any other surfaces. Granite is a hard stone and can take tons of abuse without getting damaged. Its surface, however, comprises some soft, thin strips of granite. These thin strips lack enough surface area to absorb all heat from the piping hot pots and pans, thereby resulting into chipping and scratching of the lustrous surface. Generally, scratches are not formed so easily, however, it is advisable to use trivets or hot pads.